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There is a great socio-demographical discrepancy in utilization of maternal health care services in India. While social differences have long been established, why women in a few socio-economic groups are more likely to utilize maternity care than the others still remains inadequately understood. Furthermore, many women in particular socio-demographic groups also suffer from complications of pregnancy, delivery and maternal health care service utilization is far below the acceptable level. An attempt has been made in this study to examine the effect of socio-demographic factors on utilization of maternal health care services in India. National family health survey 2005-06 has been used to carry-out the analysis which is national representative survey of women in the age group 15-49. Basically two outcome variables i.e. use of antenatal care services and use of assistance during delivery by health professional used to estimate effect of socio-demographic variable on maternal health services utilizations. The result showed that only 77% of the women received antenatal care while 99.4% received assistance during delivery from health professional. In the logistic regression model educational status of the mother, household wealth, place of residence, birth order of the child and educational and occupational status of the husband were found to be strong indicators of utilization in the total sample of women.

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