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P. R. China


In this paper, the joint estimation of frequency offsets and channel for distributed MIMO system in time-varying channel is discussed. We assume that each pair of transmit and receive antennas has a different frequency offset. We promote the multi-parameter estimation based on expectation conditional maximization (ECM) and space-alternating generalized expectation-maximization (SAGE) for a MIMO system operating under a flat-fading environment to the multi-parameter estimation using EM algorithm for distributed MIMO systems in time-varying channel. Theoretical analysis and simulation results indicate that the improvement can well compensate for the performance loss caused by time-variability and achieve good performance for time-varying distributed MIMO systems

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